As the Earth’s axis tilts while orbiting the Sun, we are approaching the date when the Sun will be directly above the equator and one of two times during the year when day and night will have equal duration. This time, which will take place this coming Wednesday, September 23, 2010 at 11:09 EST, marks the autumnal equinox and the start of the fall season of 2010.

Worldwide satellite view of Earth identifying all active tropical cyclones on 20 September 2010 at 0740 EST.

 So, we are seeing the last days of summer 2010 and as we take a look at Earth’s oceans and atmosphere we see plenty of actual and potential tropical cyclone activity worldwide. Most of the activity is in the larger Atlantic basin where we have hurricane IGOR and tropical storm JULIA moving toward the southeast over open ocean waters, and a large tropical wave just west of the Cape Verde Islands that appears on the verge of becoming a tropical cyclone, plus several other waves in the Caribbean, near the windward Islands and the eastern Atlantic. There is also a typhoon and a tropical depression in the western Pacific and another tropical wave in the eastern Pacific. Additionally there are several tropical waves and cells of stormy weather over equatorial Africa and the Indian Ocean all moving westward toward the still quite warm waters of the Atlantic.

2010 is shaping-up to be somewhat different than your typical year with respect to tropical cyclone activity. The eastern Pacific basin, which usually averages 50% – 60% more tropical cyclones than the greater Atlantic basin has been somewhat quiet so far, with only five named storms versus eleven already in the Atlantic. The central Pacific region has also been extremely quiet with no named storms so far in 2010. However the southern Pacific and Indian oceans have see plenty of activity so far. It is clear that several factors including the La Nina event now under way off the Pacific coast of Peru, the position of the Bermuda high and water temperatures over the Atlantic, the direction of the Julian-Madden oscillation and the water content in the atmosphere are all contributing to shaping up the 2010 worldwide hurricane season.

Composite satellite view showing precipitable water in the atmosphere on 20 September 2010 at 0740 EST. The band of color ranging from yellows to orange and dark brown represents the highest concentrations of precipitable water in the atmosphere, with the darker browns depicting potential precipitation in the range of 70-80 mm (3.1+ inches) per hour.

 On a worldwide basis we continue to see high levels of moisture in the atmosphere particularly near the equator. In fact satellite observations today show large quantities of precipitable water in the atmosphere, which in some regions is up to 70-80 mm/hr. This high moisture content in the atmosphere creates an environment conducive to wet hurricanes, meaning storms that generate large amounts of rain regardless of the intensity of the cyclone itself. Recent reports from the passage of Hurricane Karl through the Yucatan peninsula as a category 1 hurricane refer to large amounts of intense rain, as the most damaging component of the storm. Other recent storms have also generated vast quantities of rain causing flash flooding and mudslides in affected communities.

Global mosaic showing a satellite view of Earth from the eastern Pacific, through the Caribbean, Atlantic and equatorial Africa to the Indian ocean on 20 September 2010. Solid yellow outlines identify hurricane IGOR and tropical storm JULIA as they move over the open waters of the Atlantic toward the northeast. Several tropical waves or cells of disturbed weather, which could potentially generate tropical cyclones, are shown within dotted yellow outlines. The tropical wave just to the west of the Cape Verde Islands appears to be getting better organized and stronger with a high probability for further development within the next few hours.

Over in the Atlantic conditions appear favorable for continued tropical cyclone activity as the number of tropical waves riding along ‘Hurricane alley” and the ‘assembly line’ over equatorial Africa appears to have no end in sight at least for the next 2 – 3 weeks. Only time will show if all these waves are able to generate tropical cyclones, but for the time being all interests around the greater Atlantic basin, including island nations and countries bordering on the Caribbean and Gulf and USA Atlantic coastal regions must closely monitor all of this activity. We must all pay attention! Be prepared!! And above all always practice MITIGATION!!!

2 thoughts on “THE LAST DAYS OF SUMMER 2010”

  1. The tropical wave to the west of the Cape Verde Islands has become Tropical Depression #14 of the 2010 Atlantic hurricane season. Potential for further strengthening and tropical cyclone formation is high over the next 24 – 48 hours. Other tropical waves follow over the eastern Atlantic and equatorial Africa.

  2. Well, it didn’t take long (less than 12 hours), Tropical Depression #14 has now become Topical Storm LISA moving northward along Hurricane Alley with sustained winds of 40 mph. Potential for further strengthening remains moderate. In the meantime one of the ‘waves’ identified in my posting yesterday, over the Winward and Leeward islands is becoming better organized and it is being monitored by the NHC. Like we said before: Pay Attention! Be Prepared!! MITIGATE!!!